Slide 2 Slide 2


"I learned our role by watching my mother and father. I learned by our daily lifestyle, there were no other people around. There was no government saying that you cannot do this or that especially in regard to hunting. We were free; we knew how many animals to kill for food and clothing. We were told not to cut tress, not to waste, you only cut enough for shelter and firewood. We did not go around destroying. In the country there were brooks, waters, rivers, we never misused them." Elizabeth Penachue (Innu) (In The Words of Elders 1999:200).

QUICK TIP from Section 3 of Toolkit:
Land use and occupancy studies, Aboriginal use studies and cultural heritage studies focus on spatial aspects of land use only, not on values, principles, strategies and non-physical aspects of TK (e.g. the spiritual component). The Kayahna Region Land Utilization and Occupancy Study 1985 was commissioned by the Chief of Big Trout Lake. It took almost 10 years and was published by U of T press in 1985. It includes traditional practices of of land valuing and distribution, customary rights to use of land and the transfer of land intergenerationally, as well as mapping for all the different uses including seasonal travel corridors.